Flashing a Hikey 970 in 2020
I recently had to flash a Hikey 970 from scratch, as I did not get any response from
However, the official documentation does not appear to have been updated since 2018.
Hence, this post documents the steps of how far I got.
Unfortunately I was not able to get the whole thing working, but I will update this post if I do.
If you found this post, and did get it working, please feel free to contact me so it can be updated.
I started by following the official “Getting Started” guide.
I downloaded the Lebuntu For HiKey970 OS image, which was released on 2018/07/04.
I tried to flash this image with
fastboot, however when running
sudo fastboot devices, my device did not appear.
Thus, according to the guide I had to reflash the firmware. The guide for reflashing the firmware is here.
I cloned the repositories:
git clone https://github.com/96boards-hikey/arm-trusted-firmware -b hikey970_v1.0 git clone https://github.com/96boards-hikey/edk2 -b hikey970_v1.0 git clone https://github.com/96boards-hikey/OpenPlatformPkg -b hikey970_v1.0 git clone https://github.com/96boards-hikey/l-loader -b hikey970_v1.0 git clone https://github.com/Mani-Sadhasivam/uefi-tools -b hikey970_v1.0 git clone https://github.com/96boards-hikey/tools-images-hikey970
and I prepared the shell script to build
The first problem was that I had to link
/usr/bin/python2, since the build process was only defined for
python2, and assumed that
/usr/bin/python was Python 2.
Next, running the build failed with the following error:
GenVtf.c:1532:3: error: ‘strncpy’ output truncated before terminating nul copying 8 bytes from a string of the same length [-Werror=stringop-truncation] 1532 | strncpy ((CHAR8 *) &FitStartPtr->CompAddress, FIT_SIGNATURE, 8); // "_FIT_ " | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ GenVtf.c: In function ‘ConvertVersionInfo’: GenVtf.c:132:7: error: ‘strncpy’ output truncated before terminating nul copying as many bytes from a string as its length [-Werror=stringop-truncation] 132 | strncpy (TemStr + 4 - Length, Str, Length); | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ GenVtf.c:130:14: note: length computed here 130 | Length = strlen(Str); | ^~~~~~~~~~~ cc1: all warnings being treated as errors
To fix this, I removed the
-Werror flags from the
Next, the build failed with
aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc not found!
Obviously, though it was not listed as a dependency in the guide, we need the cross-compiler for 64 bit Arm architectures installed.
For Debian based distributions the required packages can be installed with
sudo apt install gcc make gcc-aarch64-linux-gnu binutils-aarch64-linux-gnu.
build_bootloader.sh, the process got a lot further.
edk2 failed with:
GenFw: ERROR 3000: Invalid WriteSections64(): /tmp/hikey/edk2/Build/HiKey970/DEBUG_GCC5/AARCH64/ArmPlatformPkg/PrePi/PeiUniCore/DEBUG/ArmPlatformPrePiUniCore.dll AARCH64 small code model requires identical ELF and PE/COFF section offsets modulo 4 KB. GenFw: ERROR 3000: Invalid WriteSections64(): /tmp/hikey/edk2/Build/HiKey970/DEBUG_GCC5/AARCH64/ArmPlatformPkg/PrePi/PeiUniCore/DEBUG/ArmPlatformPrePiUniCore.dll unsupported ELF EM_AARCH64 relocation 0x137. GenFw: ERROR 3000: Invalid WriteSections64(): /tmp/hikey/edk2/Build/HiKey970/DEBUG_GCC5/AARCH64/ArmPlatformPkg/PrePi/PeiUniCore/DEBUG/ArmPlatformPrePiUniCore.dll unsupported ELF EM_AARCH64 relocation 0x138. GenFw: ERROR 3000: Invalid WriteSections64(): /tmp/hikey/edk2/Build/HiKey970/DEBUG_GCC5/AARCH64/ArmPlatformPkg/PrePi/PeiUniCore/DEBUG/ArmPlatformPrePiUniCore.dll unsupported ELF EM_AARCH64 relocation 0x137.
I found this mailing list post about the issue, however the patch of adding
GCC_AARCH64_CC_FLAGS appears to already by present in upstream.
Therefore, beyond this point I’m not sure of the solution. Fortunately I had another Hikey available that did work, so I was able to continue with my work. As said at the start of this post, if you did manage to get it working, please get in touch so I can update this guide.
I came back to this after a while, and tried to flash Lebuntu.
Instead of the original instructions, I tried following the instructions inside the
There appear to be some errors in the instructurions.
For me, I had to turn switches 1 and 3 on, and then
Then I could run
Note the you need to connect the USB-C connection inbetween the USB and HDMI ports (there are two, only one can be used for flashing).
It still did not work, but I got further this time.